Glossary

Acquit: Find not guilty.

Counterfeiting: Forgery, often of money.

Felony: a serious offence. Punishable by the death penalty.

Habitual Criminal: Defined by the 1869 Habitual Criminals Act as “suspicious persons” who had previously been convicted of more than one offence.

House of Correction: A prison where offenders accused of minor offences were put to hard labour.

Hulk: decommissioned war ship used to hold convicts prior to transportation.

Indictable offence: must be tried by a jury.

Indictment: Formal accusation charging someone with a crime. Takes the form of a written document containing brief details of the accusation.

Larceny: theft of personal property. Replaced as a statutory crime by theft in 1968.

Misdemeanour: A minor crime, which, unlike felonies, was not punishable by death.

Penal servitude: a long period of imprisonment

Penitentiary: Type of prison authorised by the 1779 Penitentiary Act, with strict discipline and hard labour, designed to reform as well as punish convicts.

Quarter Sessions: Courts held four times per year, presided over by Justices of the Peace where misdemeanors were tried.

Sessions Papers: Manuscript documents taken concerning accused criminals, which were kept by the courts and are now preserved in record offices.

Summary Jurisdiction: The power possessed by Justices of the Peace to try some types of crime acting alone, or in pairs, outside court, and to sentence those convicted to punishments.

Summary offence: tried by a magistrate only.

(The) Watch/Night Watch: Men who patrolled the streets at night to prevent crime.

Latest Updates on Twitter

Really looking forward to hosting this event next month - anyone interested in attending please just drop me a line #HCNet https://twitter.com/BritSocCrim/status/1404351674890608642

An exciting event on the 14/15 July that we're hosting w/ BSC Historical Criminology. If you're interested contact either @dchurchill01 or @dr_vnagy for more details! #histcrim #Criminology https://twitter.com/BritSocCrim/status/1404351674890608642

International networking and discussion event, 14/15 July, hosted jointly by the BSC Historical Criminology Network and the Australian and New Zealand Historical Criminology Network. @ANZHistCrim #HCNet @dchurchill01 https://www.britsoccrim.org/networks/hc/#Forthcoming%20Events #Criminology

Post PhD reuniting with ‘old friends’. Time to give voice to juvenile criminals in long 19th C Ireland #crimhist #histchild #childhist @ReidyConor @ourcriminalpast @jessamycarlson

Inventing Australian women - The Countess

Superb essay on colonising women in Australia past & present by ⁦@msediewyatt⁩

⁦@ourcriminalpast⁩ ⁦@digipanoptic⁩ #twitterstorians https://thecountess.ie/inventing-australian-women/

I made a surprising discovery & found that in his youth, my ancestor spent a month in prison with hard labour. What was his crime & why did he do it? What was his experience of prison? #familysecret #Crime #prison @victoriansleuth @ourcriminalpast http://genealogyjude.com/2021/06/12/the-pair-of-boots/

Beverley-York rail route reopening plan examined https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-humber-57352100

@EnglishRadical @AndrewThorpe4 Presumably this is portrait of him in captivity? Love that he’s smoking his pipe @ourcriminalpast

Reminds me of this cracking convict love token @nma http://love-tokens.nma.gov.au/highlights/2008.0039.0043

Appeal for tales of Hull airship crash which killed 44 https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-humber-57260147

Beverley-York rail route reopening plan examined https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-humber-57352100