Glossary

Acquit: Find not guilty.

Counterfeiting: Forgery, often of money.

Felony: a serious offence. Punishable by the death penalty.

Habitual Criminal: Defined by the 1869 Habitual Criminals Act as “suspicious persons” who had previously been convicted of more than one offence.

House of Correction: A prison where offenders accused of minor offences were put to hard labour.

Hulk: decommissioned war ship used to hold convicts prior to transportation.

Indictable offence: must be tried by a jury.

Indictment: Formal accusation charging someone with a crime. Takes the form of a written document containing brief details of the accusation.

Larceny: theft of personal property. Replaced as a statutory crime by theft in 1968.

Misdemeanour: A minor crime, which, unlike felonies, was not punishable by death.

Penal servitude: a long period of imprisonment

Penitentiary: Type of prison authorised by the 1779 Penitentiary Act, with strict discipline and hard labour, designed to reform as well as punish convicts.

Quarter Sessions: Courts held four times per year, presided over by Justices of the Peace where misdemeanors were tried.

Sessions Papers: Manuscript documents taken concerning accused criminals, which were kept by the courts and are now preserved in record offices.

Summary Jurisdiction: The power possessed by Justices of the Peace to try some types of crime acting alone, or in pairs, outside court, and to sentence those convicted to punishments.

Summary offence: tried by a magistrate only.

(The) Watch/Night Watch: Men who patrolled the streets at night to prevent crime.

Latest Updates on Twitter

Want to know how to find and understand pauper letters? webinar by @TheirWrite @UkNatArchives showing how we kind find the voices of the poor in these remarkable sources Tue 22 January 2019
18:00 – 19:00 CET https://t.co/yXcA2rlAyx

The final essay associated with the now complete @ERC_Research project 'The Carceral Archipelago' is published at https://t.co/bQBk0yfjJo. It's on covert convict transportation from small Germany states, and is open access. Author: @kinkirarufu

Lovely audience last night for my talk on the Sarah Jacob case in the magnificent "Iron Room" at Egwlys Fach. It nets another donation for @PrisonersAbroad
If you don't know the case check out the Welsh Legal History Soc website.

Society News: Our chair @ProfPamelaCox has been invited to speak at an event discussing research using social care records. You can find out more (and book a free place) here:

https://t.co/HLqlpI2X9B

Reminder: the next Leeds Historical Criminology Seminar is on 25 Jan, setting austerity, political economy and criminal justice in historical perspective with stellar guest speakers - register here: https://t.co/KQ5CnZ9a1b @CCJSLeeds @Law_Leeds @TimNewburn @BritSocCrim #HCNet

Happy New Year. Edge Hill is currently advertising a range of Graduate teaching posts. I would love to hear from students interested in researching crime/punishment from the Victorian era to 1939.
https://t.co/GjmD8AFTb8

We're getting very close to the deadline now. There are just few more days to get your ideas in for our 2019 conference! https://t.co/UQEV7zPORp

Up to Six Fully-funded PhD Studentships in Heritage Studies with the Heritage Consortium https://t.co/KBKmHymvG7