Glossary

Acquit: Find not guilty.

Counterfeiting: Forgery, often of money.

Felony: a serious offence. Punishable by the death penalty.

Habitual Criminal: Defined by the 1869 Habitual Criminals Act as “suspicious persons” who had previously been convicted of more than one offence.

House of Correction: A prison where offenders accused of minor offences were put to hard labour.

Hulk: decommissioned war ship used to hold convicts prior to transportation.

Indictable offence: must be tried by a jury.

Indictment: Formal accusation charging someone with a crime. Takes the form of a written document containing brief details of the accusation.

Larceny: theft of personal property. Replaced as a statutory crime by theft in 1968.

Misdemeanour: A minor crime, which, unlike felonies, was not punishable by death.

Penal servitude: a long period of imprisonment

Penitentiary: Type of prison authorised by the 1779 Penitentiary Act, with strict discipline and hard labour, designed to reform as well as punish convicts.

Quarter Sessions: Courts held four times per year, presided over by Justices of the Peace where misdemeanors were tried.

Sessions Papers: Manuscript documents taken concerning accused criminals, which were kept by the courts and are now preserved in record offices.

Summary Jurisdiction: The power possessed by Justices of the Peace to try some types of crime acting alone, or in pairs, outside court, and to sentence those convicted to punishments.

Summary offence: tried by a magistrate only.

(The) Watch/Night Watch: Men who patrolled the streets at night to prevent crime.

Latest Updates on Twitter

Cardiff is so alien in this shot. Cardiff Central Station is in the middle. Is that HMS Hamadryad in the mud on the right? https://twitter.com/GlamArchives/status/1321101035407134721

The latest Seeking Surrey Ancestors blog explores the many resources available for tracing criminal ancestors http://ow.ly/L60150C3CUU
#AncestryHour #Genealogy
@digipanoptic @ourcriminalpast

It’s half term for me, after a tough eight weeks. Will be editing these this week and maybe, possibly, some will end up published.

Interested in Researching your #Polish Ancestors? The National Institute for Genealogical Studies offers many courses specifically for individual countries. Course scheduled to begin Nov 2nd. Register today! #genealogy #familyhistory
Polish Ancestors: https://www.genealogicalstudies.com/eng/courses.asp?courseID=247

We’ve created access time slots at Streetlife Museum and @HullFerens, at times when we know it will be less busy for visitors who would benefit from that.

To book your ticket please visit https://www.hcandl.co.uk/museums-and-galleries

We explore the history of fairs in this special blog, which you can read here: https://bit.ly/34Wt6HZ unsurprisingly, they have rather ancient origins! #WDYTYA

Journey into @Coventry_Police today to rescue an old police box, ready to preserve for the future 🤓👮

It was blue once upon a time...

And where is the emoji for a tardis when you need one???

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Excitingly, the service records for the Grenadier Guards have just been transferred to @UKNatArchives. https://www.whodoyouthinkyouaremagazine.com/news/grenadier-guards-records-released/ #wdytya #whodoyouthinkyouare #davidwalliams

@ourcriminalpast @IslaBroadwell @PrisonTwist @CrimJustNetwork @JusticeMuseum @VicPrisonVoices @DigiVics @MuseumLiverpool @Lancs_Heritage Thank you! We published a short piece on Everton lock-up last year, but we'd be grateful for any more info or stories about it https://www.prisonhistory.org/featured-lock-up-everton-lock-up/