Glossary

Acquit: Find not guilty.

Counterfeiting: Forgery, often of money.

Felony: a serious offence. Punishable by the death penalty.

Habitual Criminal: Defined by the 1869 Habitual Criminals Act as β€œsuspicious persons” who had previously been convicted of more than one offence.

House of Correction: A prison where offenders accused of minor offences were put to hard labour.

Hulk: decommissioned war ship used to hold convicts prior to transportation.

Indictable offence: must be tried by a jury.

Indictment: Formal accusation charging someone with a crime. Takes the form of a written document containing brief details of the accusation.

Larceny: theft of personal property. Replaced as a statutory crime by theft in 1968.

Misdemeanour: A minor crime, which, unlike felonies, was not punishable by death.

Penal servitude: a long period of imprisonment

Penitentiary: Type of prison authorised by the 1779 Penitentiary Act, with strict discipline and hard labour, designed to reform as well as punish convicts.

Quarter Sessions: Courts held four times per year, presided over by Justices of the Peace where misdemeanors were tried.

Sessions Papers: Manuscript documents taken concerning accused criminals, which were kept by the courts and are now preserved in record offices.

Summary Jurisdiction: The power possessed by Justices of the Peace to try some types of crime acting alone, or in pairs, outside court, and to sentence those convicted to punishments.

Summary offence: tried by a magistrate only.

(The) Watch/Night Watch: Men who patrolled the streets at night to prevent crime.

Latest Updates on Twitter

Our work continues during lock down. Here's a new blog from our 'Unlocking the Treasures' local studies collection series: Hull convict George Benson's experiences of transportation to Australia in 1828. http://hullhistorycentre.blogspot.com/

We've plenty of #ArchiveSecrets, just not the ones some folks expect of a museum of policing and crime. For instance, Chief Inspector Frederick Abberline's scrapbook of news cuttings about his cases contains nothing on events in Whitechapel in 1888. #ExploreYourArchive #Archive30

Our third broadcast features two members of our history family, @drnicholasevans and graduate Andrew Ede. They discuss how the First World War changed part of #Lincolnshire. Listen here to one of a series of @BBCRadioLincs programmes from 2014: http://ow.ly/dA2E50z60mn #WW1

#ArchiveSecrets are the theme today for #Archive30 This 'Secret' document is the City Engineer's report on the Hull Blitz May 1941, including the harrowing report on the destruction of the Prudential Building. #ExploreYourArchive

2

Florence Nightingale: a pioneer of hand washing and hygiene for health by Dr Richard Bates (@RABates83) https://wp.me/p4HWDD-2Et
http://www.florencenightingale.org/ H/T @ConversationUK

β€œI’m planting a haycorn, so that it can grow up into an oak tree,” said Piglet. β€œIt’s a very difficult thing, planting, unless you know how to do it,” and he put the acorn in the hole he had made, and covered it up with earth, and jumped on it. ~A.A.Milne #SpringTreats #StayHome

118 years ago today Rose Ann Goodwill was sentenced for police assault, attempted prisoner rescue & being drunk and disorderly, 3 of 57 convictions in 20 years. She’s been β€˜adopted’ by a present inmate of HMP Askham Grange for my project #PrisonersOnPrisoners with @RiponMuseums.

This is a brilliant book that anyone with an interest in pirate history needs a copy of - cannot recommend highly enough https://twitter.com/corkup/status/1247491594875527170