Glossary

Acquit: Find not guilty.

Counterfeiting: Forgery, often of money.

Felony: a serious offence. Punishable by the death penalty.

Habitual Criminal: Defined by the 1869 Habitual Criminals Act as β€œsuspicious persons” who had previously been convicted of more than one offence.

House of Correction: A prison where offenders accused of minor offences were put to hard labour.

Hulk: decommissioned war ship used to hold convicts prior to transportation.

Indictable offence: must be tried by a jury.

Indictment: Formal accusation charging someone with a crime. Takes the form of a written document containing brief details of the accusation.

Larceny: theft of personal property. Replaced as a statutory crime by theft in 1968.

Misdemeanour: A minor crime, which, unlike felonies, was not punishable by death.

Penal servitude: a long period of imprisonment

Penitentiary: Type of prison authorised by the 1779 Penitentiary Act, with strict discipline and hard labour, designed to reform as well as punish convicts.

Quarter Sessions: Courts held four times per year, presided over by Justices of the Peace where misdemeanors were tried.

Sessions Papers: Manuscript documents taken concerning accused criminals, which were kept by the courts and are now preserved in record offices.

Summary Jurisdiction: The power possessed by Justices of the Peace to try some types of crime acting alone, or in pairs, outside court, and to sentence those convicted to punishments.

Summary offence: tried by a magistrate only.

(The) Watch/Night Watch: Men who patrolled the streets at night to prevent crime.

Latest Updates on Twitter

Did you enjoy the start to series two of the On The Record podcast?

Follow up with more medieval goodness about the Peasants' Revolt, England's first popular uprising on the blog today: http://socsi.in/KsUcI

Don't forget to subscribe to #OnTheRecord for future episodes! 🎧

A selection of menus for children taken from a leaflet entitled 'The feeding of children from one to five years' which was published by the Ministry of Health in March 1942. From the National Union of Railwaymen archive. https://cdm21047.contentdm.oclc.org/digital/collection/health/id/1506/rec/15 #historyoffood #historyofhealth

4

The Examination Letter for John Shore, who eventually worked on the 1888 Whitechapel Murder Case (aka Jack the Ripper) as an Inspector, before retiring as Supt from Scotland Yard in 1896 becoming Pinkerton Agent for London. His descendant is a resident of Leicestershire.

Shown on a tour today: plan of the Quaker Workhouse on River Street, #Bristol, surveyed in 1861 - exciting to see 19th century hand-coloured plans in such pristine condition #behindthescenes #archivetours (Catalogue: http://archives.bristol.gov.uk/Record.aspx?src=CalmView.Catalog&id=SF%2fPl%2f18) ^et/ad

Unknown vessel (1920s-1930s?) discharging cargo into lighters (note the dusting of white on the hull). Location unknown. Junkshop photo (Chelmsford).

'Every offender, who, for any first or second-rate crime, suffers ignominious punishment, shall, all the time that he is undergoing the said punishment, wear the cap of ignominy.

If you didn't read it back in Nov - still chance to read my @sochistsoc blog on Lawyers for the Poor, out now with @ManchesterUP https://twitter.com/socialhistsoc/status/1217790467993227264

Do you have any bright MA students who might be interested in this PhD/RA opportunity at @HistoryManMet @mcphh_mmu? https://manmetjobs.mmu.ac.uk/intranet/vacancy/graduate-research-assistant-in-history-2404/2415/description/

Are you a post-doc student & or a researcher into the #history of 1919-1923? We're looking for papers for our symposium Reimagining the Decade! Deadline for proposed submissions tomorrow: #hisedchatie #edchatie Details below
https://www.museum.ie/Visit-Us/Announcements/Reimagining-the-Decade-New-Research-Symposium

I'm running a workshop on Embroidered Images alongside Criminal Quilts exhibition at National Justice Museum on 21st March. Come and stitch with me (includes free entry to the exhibition too) 4 places left so book soon!
http://ruthsingerstudio.bigcartel.com/product/crimin…
@JusticeMuseum @RuthSinger