Glossary

Acquit: Find not guilty.

Counterfeiting: Forgery, often of money.

Felony: a serious offence. Punishable by the death penalty.

Habitual Criminal: Defined by the 1869 Habitual Criminals Act as “suspicious persons” who had previously been convicted of more than one offence.

House of Correction: A prison where offenders accused of minor offences were put to hard labour.

Hulk: decommissioned war ship used to hold convicts prior to transportation.

Indictable offence: must be tried by a jury.

Indictment: Formal accusation charging someone with a crime. Takes the form of a written document containing brief details of the accusation.

Larceny: theft of personal property. Replaced as a statutory crime by theft in 1968.

Misdemeanour: A minor crime, which, unlike felonies, was not punishable by death.

Penal servitude: a long period of imprisonment

Penitentiary: Type of prison authorised by the 1779 Penitentiary Act, with strict discipline and hard labour, designed to reform as well as punish convicts.

Quarter Sessions: Courts held four times per year, presided over by Justices of the Peace where misdemeanors were tried.

Sessions Papers: Manuscript documents taken concerning accused criminals, which were kept by the courts and are now preserved in record offices.

Summary Jurisdiction: The power possessed by Justices of the Peace to try some types of crime acting alone, or in pairs, outside court, and to sentence those convicted to punishments.

Summary offence: tried by a magistrate only.

(The) Watch/Night Watch: Men who patrolled the streets at night to prevent crime.

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There are lots of myths about the Victorians being prude, unsmiling, stiffs. They are shattered by these photographs I’ve been happily discovering of them smiling, laughing & goofing around. And there are many more to be found. Thread

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Are you an experienced information professional? Would you like to work for the Parliamentary Archives? We are currently recruiting for a Senior Archivist. For more information about the role and to apply, please visit https://t.co/hPT39r0ORU Closing date: 28th July #heritagejobs

Our free exhibition 'Prisoners or Patients? Criminal Insanity in Victorian Scotland' with @HistPsychiatry @univofstandrews is coming soon to @edfringe #Edinburgh #MakeYourFringe https://t.co/Gh8yTz5q5O

Look forward to presenting Police as Ploughmen at Social History Society conference, Gender, Labour & Consumption in historical perspective 13-14/9/2019 U. of Essex @PolHisSoc1985

Remembering @WMPolice @brumpolice PC George Snipe, fatally injured when attacked by a mob trying to free a prisoner - aged 29, 19/7/1897

#LestWeForget

@helenrogers19c @OldBaileyOnline Kathy Chater talked about Ann Duck in her book "Untold Histories
Black people in England and Wales during the period of the British Slave trade, c. 1660–1807" (2009) https://t.co/GXMoP1i8XI - but not sure if there's been much else besides the ODNB entry on her?

‘You answered him back and used your tongue pretty freely’: patriarchal dismissal of domestic abuse https://t.co/fGHS1FUbuN

New on my sleuthing blog: Mr Dawson's Infamous Beerhouse - the story of my own nefarious ancestor! #familyhistory #crimehist #Manchester https://t.co/3NupINc4qV