Glossary

Acquit: Find not guilty.

Counterfeiting: Forgery, often of money.

Felony: a serious offence. Punishable by the death penalty.

Habitual Criminal: Defined by the 1869 Habitual Criminals Act as “suspicious persons” who had previously been convicted of more than one offence.

House of Correction: A prison where offenders accused of minor offences were put to hard labour.

Hulk: decommissioned war ship used to hold convicts prior to transportation.

Indictable offence: must be tried by a jury.

Indictment: Formal accusation charging someone with a crime. Takes the form of a written document containing brief details of the accusation.

Larceny: theft of personal property. Replaced as a statutory crime by theft in 1968.

Misdemeanour: A minor crime, which, unlike felonies, was not punishable by death.

Penal servitude: a long period of imprisonment

Penitentiary: Type of prison authorised by the 1779 Penitentiary Act, with strict discipline and hard labour, designed to reform as well as punish convicts.

Quarter Sessions: Courts held four times per year, presided over by Justices of the Peace where misdemeanors were tried.

Sessions Papers: Manuscript documents taken concerning accused criminals, which were kept by the courts and are now preserved in record offices.

Summary Jurisdiction: The power possessed by Justices of the Peace to try some types of crime acting alone, or in pairs, outside court, and to sentence those convicted to punishments.

Summary offence: tried by a magistrate only.

(The) Watch/Night Watch: Men who patrolled the streets at night to prevent crime.

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Know your way around archival records? Fancy uncovering the history of security and the security industry? 🔐 Apply to join this exciting @ahrcpress project! Any queries, just get in touch @BritSocCrim @CCJSLeeds #HCNet #twitterstorians https://jobs.leeds.ac.uk/vacancy.aspx?ref=ESLLW1153

We've just put 32 new petitioners' stories online!

You'll find rebels, murderers, playhouse-managers, and Frenchmen, all trying to use the #PowerOfPetitioning to woo Charles II.

Read them for yourself here: https://petitioning.history.ac.uk/investigating-petitioners/petitioners-in-the-reign-of-charles-ii-1660-1685/

Tickets for our March @CrimSocHull @cccjhull @UniOfHull
Rising Star Guest Speaker: Dr Zoe Alker are now available. Don't miss out on your free online place.
Book now: https://bit.ly/3al2VyI 🚓

Public History Research Seminar, 4pm this Friday: Dr Gillian O'Brien, 'A Captive Audience: Prison Museums and Dark Tourism?' Email happhistseminars2021@gmail.com to attend. All Welcome! @gillianmobrien @HAPPatQUB @QUB_History @qubpublichist @LJMU

1/ Today's #lostprisonsofDublin is the City Marshalsea, a debtors prison which from 1704 to 1805 was located on Merchant’s Quay between Skipper's Lane and Swan Alley. The inmates would cry out to passers-by for charity to pay for their maintenance or discharge their debts.

If you missed our webinar on the subject of criminal mugshots, which was part of @GraniteNoirFest, you can catch up via this link:

Phil Astley - Criminal Portraits webinar - Granite Noir 2021 https://youtu.be/UFcOG_7Cv0I via @YouTube

18th century. Liverpool's most feared press gang leaders were 'Jack the Nabber' (a 'piratical-looking scoundrel') and 'Irish John' who led a 'motely crew of desperados'. They would invade brothels and inns to kidnap sailors in the face of strong opposition from the townspeople.

3

New boundary signs for the city went up at the weekend, so for #MapMonday here's a map of the city's boundaries in 1930. #Hull as yet to extend to its current area to the west and north.
@Hullccnews @Hull_Museums @hull_libraries

Our asylum team continues the story of Orlando Bridgeman, as concern grows at the family home of Weston Hall when letters about his condition continue to arrive. Read more https://staffordshireasylumrecords.wordpress.com/patients/ #staffsasylums (image Weston Hall, County Archaeology Dept/staffspasttrack.org.uk)