Glossary

Acquit: Find not guilty.

Counterfeiting: Forgery, often of money.

Felony: a serious offence. Punishable by the death penalty.

Habitual Criminal: Defined by the 1869 Habitual Criminals Act as “suspicious persons” who had previously been convicted of more than one offence.

House of Correction: A prison where offenders accused of minor offences were put to hard labour.

Hulk: decommissioned war ship used to hold convicts prior to transportation.

Indictable offence: must be tried by a jury.

Indictment: Formal accusation charging someone with a crime. Takes the form of a written document containing brief details of the accusation.

Larceny: theft of personal property. Replaced as a statutory crime by theft in 1968.

Misdemeanour: A minor crime, which, unlike felonies, was not punishable by death.

Penal servitude: a long period of imprisonment

Penitentiary: Type of prison authorised by the 1779 Penitentiary Act, with strict discipline and hard labour, designed to reform as well as punish convicts.

Quarter Sessions: Courts held four times per year, presided over by Justices of the Peace where misdemeanors were tried.

Sessions Papers: Manuscript documents taken concerning accused criminals, which were kept by the courts and are now preserved in record offices.

Summary Jurisdiction: The power possessed by Justices of the Peace to try some types of crime acting alone, or in pairs, outside court, and to sentence those convicted to punishments.

Summary offence: tried by a magistrate only.

(The) Watch/Night Watch: Men who patrolled the streets at night to prevent crime.

Latest Updates on Twitter

Looking forward to taking part in a #RefugeeWeek2022 event this pm. Jointly organised by the @WilberforceHull and @BlaydesCentre 'Over the Sea to Safety? Refugees’ Sea Crossings' engages with historic and contemporary experiences of refugee travel. https://www.eventbrite.co.uk/e/over-the-sea-to-safety-refugees-sea-crossings-tickets-347897339307 #Hull

⁦@SophieMHistory⁩ got this as a mock up the other day - it’s moving nearer😳 don’t think this will be the cover picture (still discussing) but otherwise this is how it may look …. When finished 😱

The British Society of Criminology invited me to write a tribute to Professor Chris Harding who worked @AberLawCrim with distinction for over 40 years. He was a brilliant scholar and the kindest of men. @AberUni @BritSocCrim

Thousands of medieval English people would have known about Welsh law: why are so many common law historians so incurious? Has Maitland's shadow proved a more effective barrier than Offa's Dyke?
New Welsh Legal History Soc volume just published (contact me). Includes this essay.

In June 1843 a handsome reward of £3 was offered for the apprehension of a killer. The victim? One of Mr Sheffield’s gimmer hogs, a female sheep not yet 2 years old. Whether the killer was found remains unknown to this day...
📜 DDX1942/1/535, Notice dated 3 June 1843

5 full ARA Bursaries are available for members who haven't attended conference in the last 3 years to come to our 2022 Conference. Details here https://conference.archives.org.uk/delegates/

Calling all #LegalHistory fans. Happening this week ... we finish our year in style with Dr Jennifer Aston on coverture, trusts, divorce and more than a bit of scandal ... Sign up by Thursday at 4 p.m., better yet, do it right now ... 👇https://www.eventbrite.co.uk/e/jennifer-aston-coverture-trusts-and-the-matrimonial-causes-act-1857-tickets-339273705787

Tracing the experiences of the Metropolitan Police Women Patrols - The National Archives blog https://blog.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20speople-tracing-the-experiences-of-the-metropolitan-police-women-patrols/

If you missed last night's Let's Talk About...Convicts, the recording & handout have now been distributed to all registered & is also available to via the Member Area of the SAG website. Our next convict event is part of https://sag.org.au/event-4824236 #familyhistory #australianroyalty