Glossary

Acquit: Find not guilty.

Counterfeiting: Forgery, often of money.

Felony: a serious offence. Punishable by the death penalty.

Habitual Criminal: Defined by the 1869 Habitual Criminals Act as “suspicious persons” who had previously been convicted of more than one offence.

House of Correction: A prison where offenders accused of minor offences were put to hard labour.

Hulk: decommissioned war ship used to hold convicts prior to transportation.

Indictable offence: must be tried by a jury.

Indictment: Formal accusation charging someone with a crime. Takes the form of a written document containing brief details of the accusation.

Larceny: theft of personal property. Replaced as a statutory crime by theft in 1968.

Misdemeanour: A minor crime, which, unlike felonies, was not punishable by death.

Penal servitude: a long period of imprisonment

Penitentiary: Type of prison authorised by the 1779 Penitentiary Act, with strict discipline and hard labour, designed to reform as well as punish convicts.

Quarter Sessions: Courts held four times per year, presided over by Justices of the Peace where misdemeanors were tried.

Sessions Papers: Manuscript documents taken concerning accused criminals, which were kept by the courts and are now preserved in record offices.

Summary Jurisdiction: The power possessed by Justices of the Peace to try some types of crime acting alone, or in pairs, outside court, and to sentence those convicted to punishments.

Summary offence: tried by a magistrate only.

(The) Watch/Night Watch: Men who patrolled the streets at night to prevent crime.

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The 3D model of Aylestone Meadows created by @leicspolice PC Pat O’Conner (a hobbyist model maker), which aided in the 1983 investigation into the murder of Caroline Osborne. @CCLeicsPolice @LPSpecialistSup @BritPoliceHist @PolHisSoc1985

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Hmmm.... my turn...

Potential Suffragette bullets which were sent to Lloyd George. I’m still working on the definitive providence, but looks likely 🤞

Leader of our Lived Welfare State team, Professor Pirjo Markkola spoke yesterday at a panel "How historians can assist in historic child abuse inquiries" in London. The interest on the matter has grown in many countries. https://t.co/fMASAZ8lm2

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