Glossary

Acquit: Find not guilty.

Counterfeiting: Forgery, often of money.

Felony: a serious offence. Punishable by the death penalty.

Habitual Criminal: Defined by the 1869 Habitual Criminals Act as “suspicious persons” who had previously been convicted of more than one offence.

House of Correction: A prison where offenders accused of minor offences were put to hard labour.

Hulk: decommissioned war ship used to hold convicts prior to transportation.

Indictable offence: must be tried by a jury.

Indictment: Formal accusation charging someone with a crime. Takes the form of a written document containing brief details of the accusation.

Larceny: theft of personal property. Replaced as a statutory crime by theft in 1968.

Misdemeanour: A minor crime, which, unlike felonies, was not punishable by death.

Penal servitude: a long period of imprisonment

Penitentiary: Type of prison authorised by the 1779 Penitentiary Act, with strict discipline and hard labour, designed to reform as well as punish convicts.

Quarter Sessions: Courts held four times per year, presided over by Justices of the Peace where misdemeanors were tried.

Sessions Papers: Manuscript documents taken concerning accused criminals, which were kept by the courts and are now preserved in record offices.

Summary Jurisdiction: The power possessed by Justices of the Peace to try some types of crime acting alone, or in pairs, outside court, and to sentence those convicted to punishments.

Summary offence: tried by a magistrate only.

(The) Watch/Night Watch: Men who patrolled the streets at night to prevent crime.

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@BritSocCrim The next Yorkshire & Humberside regional group meeting is at Sheffield Hallam on Weds 8 March 2023: theme is Social Justice Research: Making Change Happen? contact me for more information or to submit abstract!

Join Dr Maya Avis (Max Plank Institute for Social Anthropology, Germany) for: "Geopolitics of Aerial Surveillance in Palestine/Israel"
The first free seminar, as part of the @CrimSocHull Criminology, Sociology & Policing, Rising Star Guest Speaker Series, 2023.
📅 8th February 23

Bentham wrote to William Pitt (1759–1806) #onthisday in 1791, sending in two parts his 'Outline of the Plan of Construction of a Panopticon Penitentiary House'—detailing first the panopticon's basic principles, and second some of his own obligations as its potential governor:

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Deadline this year is 28th Feb 2023.

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