Glossary

Acquit: Find not guilty.

Counterfeiting: Forgery, often of money.

Felony: a serious offence. Punishable by the death penalty.

Habitual Criminal: Defined by the 1869 Habitual Criminals Act as “suspicious persons” who had previously been convicted of more than one offence.

House of Correction: A prison where offenders accused of minor offences were put to hard labour.

Hulk: decommissioned war ship used to hold convicts prior to transportation.

Indictable offence: must be tried by a jury.

Indictment: Formal accusation charging someone with a crime. Takes the form of a written document containing brief details of the accusation.

Larceny: theft of personal property. Replaced as a statutory crime by theft in 1968.

Misdemeanour: A minor crime, which, unlike felonies, was not punishable by death.

Penal servitude: a long period of imprisonment

Penitentiary: Type of prison authorised by the 1779 Penitentiary Act, with strict discipline and hard labour, designed to reform as well as punish convicts.

Quarter Sessions: Courts held four times per year, presided over by Justices of the Peace where misdemeanors were tried.

Sessions Papers: Manuscript documents taken concerning accused criminals, which were kept by the courts and are now preserved in record offices.

Summary Jurisdiction: The power possessed by Justices of the Peace to try some types of crime acting alone, or in pairs, outside court, and to sentence those convicted to punishments.

Summary offence: tried by a magistrate only.

(The) Watch/Night Watch: Men who patrolled the streets at night to prevent crime.

Latest Updates on Twitter

Do police historians/crime historians know this autobiography - man who joined police 1956 @BrunelSpecColl. @kwillswriting Is there much on policing? @Writing__Lives @ourcriminalpast @http://www.writinglives.org/life-and-labour/leslie-john-robinson-b-1929-life-and-labour-2-2

Interested in the history of capital punishment? Leeds Historical Criminology event on 19th June at @leedsbeckett @becketthistory. CEO of @TheHowardLeague @francescrook @lizzieseal and Vivien Miller (Nottingham) are speaking. All are welcome, please RT: https://t.co/1HfY7CDeEl

Interested in the history of capital punishment? Leeds Historical Criminology event on 19th June at @leedsbeckett @becketthistory. CEO of @TheHowardLeague @francescrook @lizzieseal and Vivien Miller (Nottingham) are speaking. All are welcome, please RT: https://t.co/1HfY7CDeEl

Interested in the history of capital punishment? Leeds Historical Criminology event on 19th June at @leedsbeckett @becketthistory. CEO of @TheHowardLeague @francescrook @lizzieseal and Vivien Miller (Nottingham) are speaking. All are welcome, please RT: https://t.co/1HfY7CDeEl

‘It is really quite dreadful to see young children standing in the dock charged with drunkenness’. Two young girls are led astray https://t.co/EP9M5oyF6U

In 1936, over 200 men marched in protest against extreme poverty and unemployment in the North East of England. This march, from Jarrow to London, is known as The Jarrow March, or The Jarrow Crusade. #AuthenticAccounts #OralHistory #UOSH @BLSoundHeritage https://t.co/2awtJpVXAC

Flash Histories Symposium 5th July – Creative Histories of Witchcraft

Looking forward to #FlashHistories - another in fab series of #creativehistories events organised by ⁦@willpooley⁩ https://t.co/1mmKCQzfCJ