Glossary

Acquit: Find not guilty.

Counterfeiting: Forgery, often of money.

Felony: a serious offence. Punishable by the death penalty.

Habitual Criminal: Defined by the 1869 Habitual Criminals Act as “suspicious persons” who had previously been convicted of more than one offence.

House of Correction: A prison where offenders accused of minor offences were put to hard labour.

Hulk: decommissioned war ship used to hold convicts prior to transportation.

Indictable offence: must be tried by a jury.

Indictment: Formal accusation charging someone with a crime. Takes the form of a written document containing brief details of the accusation.

Larceny: theft of personal property. Replaced as a statutory crime by theft in 1968.

Misdemeanour: A minor crime, which, unlike felonies, was not punishable by death.

Penal servitude: a long period of imprisonment

Penitentiary: Type of prison authorised by the 1779 Penitentiary Act, with strict discipline and hard labour, designed to reform as well as punish convicts.

Quarter Sessions: Courts held four times per year, presided over by Justices of the Peace where misdemeanors were tried.

Sessions Papers: Manuscript documents taken concerning accused criminals, which were kept by the courts and are now preserved in record offices.

Summary Jurisdiction: The power possessed by Justices of the Peace to try some types of crime acting alone, or in pairs, outside court, and to sentence those convicted to punishments.

Summary offence: tried by a magistrate only.

(The) Watch/Night Watch: Men who patrolled the streets at night to prevent crime.

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London, 1842: Pentonville Prison opens. But how are the inmates to be rehabilitated? Is there anything redemptive about solitary confinement? Can a religious outlook on life help with addiction? One troubled priest seeks to find out....Paperback and Kindle https://t.co/L5mmOeUMgn

The door of the prison where my ancestor James Duckworth was held in Warwick before being hanged for treason in 1773. His crime was coin-clipping, and when he was executed the newspapers reported he was the heaviest man in the county, weighing in at 23 stone.

"A Factory Señorita?" @femalefactoryol blog by @oldparramatta. Directs you to resources on the #OldBailey & #ParramattaFemaleFactory #convict #AdelaideDeLaThoreza inc. Gothic Fantasy 1878 bio & recent research untangling the truth #OzHist #twitterstorians https://t.co/9JhH0WYPFi

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Great to be at the first meeting of the BSC's new historical criminology network today. Loads of exciting stuff will come out of this! Thanks @dchurchill01 for organising. #crime #criminology #History #twitterstorians

Exciting opportunity to hear Helen Pankhurst, the great-granddaughter of suffragette leader Emmeline Pankhurst, talk about how women’s lives have changed over the last century #Suffrage100 #Vote100 #eveningtalk https://t.co/gaREGnvqVF

Imagine a world in which there is no #art #music #film #drama - what life can exist in such a world? Latest issue of the Prison Service Journal explores the meaning of #arts for #prison @KateHerrity @YvonneJewkes @No1govhmpnotts @HmpStaffordGov @LauraSCaulfield #MusicInPrison

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