Glossary

Acquit: Find not guilty.

Counterfeiting: Forgery, often of money.

Felony: a serious offence. Punishable by the death penalty.

Habitual Criminal: Defined by the 1869 Habitual Criminals Act as “suspicious persons” who had previously been convicted of more than one offence.

House of Correction: A prison where offenders accused of minor offences were put to hard labour.

Hulk: decommissioned war ship used to hold convicts prior to transportation.

Indictable offence: must be tried by a jury.

Indictment: Formal accusation charging someone with a crime. Takes the form of a written document containing brief details of the accusation.

Larceny: theft of personal property. Replaced as a statutory crime by theft in 1968.

Misdemeanour: A minor crime, which, unlike felonies, was not punishable by death.

Penal servitude: a long period of imprisonment

Penitentiary: Type of prison authorised by the 1779 Penitentiary Act, with strict discipline and hard labour, designed to reform as well as punish convicts.

Quarter Sessions: Courts held four times per year, presided over by Justices of the Peace where misdemeanors were tried.

Sessions Papers: Manuscript documents taken concerning accused criminals, which were kept by the courts and are now preserved in record offices.

Summary Jurisdiction: The power possessed by Justices of the Peace to try some types of crime acting alone, or in pairs, outside court, and to sentence those convicted to punishments.

Summary offence: tried by a magistrate only.

(The) Watch/Night Watch: Men who patrolled the streets at night to prevent crime.

Latest Updates on Twitter

Great to welcome @DrMichaelReeve back to Hull to present a public lecture at @Hull_Museums on the role of Special Constabulary during the First World War. This is the first of a series of public lectures showcasing the excellent research by Graduate scholars at the @UniOfHull

Researching Charlotte this evening. Here she is in 1898.She spent 55 years in institutions. The last one, Ely Hospital in Cardiff, forgot her birthday and the names of her parents. None of that mattered - she was just a body to feed, sleep, wake and repeat. She died in 1953.

#BadBridget Mary McDonagh ‘Left her husband five weeks ago because he would not give her any money. Said he was stingy and would not buy her clothes.’

Lesson number 2: Don't marry a stingy man.
#ValentinesDay #wmnhist #twitterstorians #Irishdiaspora

West Yorkshire History Centre: Our Criminal Ancestors workshop for public, Tue 16 Jun 2020 at 10:30 | Eventbrite https://www.eventbrite.co.uk/e/our-criminal-ancestors-workshop-tickets-92952263723

Not 1 but 2 #historicalcriminology blogs for your delectation!

@dr_vnagy & I reflect on recent work by @dchurchill01 @yeomans_henry & Paul Lawrence

I’m not one for interactive twitter but interested to hear the thoughts of crims / crime historians... https://www.historicalcriminology.com/?m=1 https://twitter.com/dralexaneale/status/1228002835494834176

Researching Prison Governor’s conference minutes today @UkNatArchives, Oxford 1948: ‘the whole of the crisis now “the chronic situation” was caused by a shortage of staff, and a shortage of accommodation as against a surplus of prisoners’. #prisongovernors #prisonhistory

Fancy a stroll through East #London in 1889? On the Travels Through Time free podcast we’ll be walking through street markets, experiencing the stillness on the #Thames during the Dock Strike, and watching a boxing match in a #Shoreditch church.
https://www.tttpodcast.com/season-02/london-blackest-streets-sarah-wise-1889

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The architect for the new #Ripon House of Correction, was Lord Grantham of Baldersby, an amateur architect willing to plan the building for free. Grantham’s original 1815 design was rejected. @BritPoliceHist @ourcriminalpast @RiponTogether @GenealogyBeech @prisonhistoryuk