Glossary

Acquit: Find not guilty.

Counterfeiting: Forgery, often of money.

Felony: a serious offence. Punishable by the death penalty.

Habitual Criminal: Defined by the 1869 Habitual Criminals Act as “suspicious persons” who had previously been convicted of more than one offence.

House of Correction: A prison where offenders accused of minor offences were put to hard labour.

Hulk: decommissioned war ship used to hold convicts prior to transportation.

Indictable offence: must be tried by a jury.

Indictment: Formal accusation charging someone with a crime. Takes the form of a written document containing brief details of the accusation.

Larceny: theft of personal property. Replaced as a statutory crime by theft in 1968.

Misdemeanour: A minor crime, which, unlike felonies, was not punishable by death.

Penal servitude: a long period of imprisonment

Penitentiary: Type of prison authorised by the 1779 Penitentiary Act, with strict discipline and hard labour, designed to reform as well as punish convicts.

Quarter Sessions: Courts held four times per year, presided over by Justices of the Peace where misdemeanors were tried.

Sessions Papers: Manuscript documents taken concerning accused criminals, which were kept by the courts and are now preserved in record offices.

Summary Jurisdiction: The power possessed by Justices of the Peace to try some types of crime acting alone, or in pairs, outside court, and to sentence those convicted to punishments.

Summary offence: tried by a magistrate only.

(The) Watch/Night Watch: Men who patrolled the streets at night to prevent crime.

Latest Updates on Twitter

A lovely summary of our recent event with @UkNatArchives on collaboration with archives & HE from Kate the Librarian! Nice to see a mention of @ourcriminalpast too https://t.co/AA8n3N51aS #twitterstorians

Whilst I am on holiday, taking a break from writing about courtroom and prison museums for my thesis, I still made sure to visit the Memorium Nuremberg Trials. A very different kind of courtroom museum compared to the ones I’m used to seeing. #darktourism

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Fantastic talk today at the @WMPolice #Lockup by Kay Hunter on capital punishment after another busy open day with #AFairCop book display. One step closer to fully fledged police museum 😃

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4 days until Echoes of Holloway Prison Exhibition opens! Counting down our 5 Questions that are part of the Exhibition https://t.co/jAp3hEXE0W so here is 👇🏾👇🏼👇🏽
Q2. "Does prison work for women?"

Fascinated with historical clothing? The get down to #StoneLibrary on 17th July to hear artist Ruth Singer talk about criminal clothing @CriminalQuilts Free to attend #DontMissOut

Read articles on historical criminology in the summer @BritSocCrim Newsletter from the brilliant @dchurchill01 @blalygamal @iainchanning and @yeomans_henry https://t.co/z8CdMYx8ud

COME AND JOIN THE HISTORY LAB COMMITTEE! Elections July 12th at 5pm. Interested? email: ihrhistorylab@gmail.com

This is a great opportunity for PhDs at whatever stage of research. As the academic job market becomes ever more competitive, involvement in an organisation such as History Lab represents a valuable addition to your CV.

Call for Papers for the upcoming symposium on how immersive experience of #heritage shapes our understanding of the modern world.
https://t.co/yep6IN3y2G