Further reading

Books – Family History

Hawkings, David T. Criminal Ancestors: A Guide to Historic Criminal Records in England and Wales (Sutton Publishing, 1996).

Limbrick, Gudrun Jane. How to Research Childhoods Spent in Former Children’s Homes, Orphanages, Cottage Homes and Other Children’s Institutions (Wordworks, 2013).

Wade, Stephen. Tracing Your Criminal Ancestors: A Guide for Family Historians (Pen and Sword, 2009).

 

Books – Historical Context

Brown, Alyson. English Society and the Prison (The Boydell Press, 2003).

Cox, David J. Crime in England, 1688-1815 (Routledge, 2014).

Emsley, Clive. Crime and Society in England, 1750-1900 (Pearson, 2005); The English Police (Routledge, 1991); Crime and Society in Twentieth-Century England (Pearson, 2011).

Gray, Drew. Crime, Policing and Punishment in England, 1660-1914 (Bloomsbury, 2016).

Johnston, Helen. Crime in England, 1815-1880 (Routledge, 2015).

Sharpe, James A. Crime in Early Modern England 1550-1750 (Longman, 1998).

Shore, Heather. Artful Dodgers: Youth and Crime in Early Nineteenth-Century London (Boydell Press, 1999).

Taylor, David. Crime, Policing and Punishment in England, 1750-1914 (Palgrave, 1998); Hooligans, Harlots, and Hangmen: Crime and Punishment in Victorian Britain (Praeger, 2010).

 

Online

The National Archives: www.nationalarchives.gov.uk

  • From the homepage click “Help with your research” then click “Criminals, courts and prisons”.

The Old Bailey Online: www.oldbaileyonline.org

The Digital Panopticon: www.digitalpanopticon.org

WaywardWomen: www.waywardwomen.wordpress.com

Africans in Yorkshire: www.africansinyorkshireproject.com

Children’s Homes: www.childrenshomes.org.uk

Former Children’s Homes: www.formerchildrenshomes.org.uk

The Workhouse: www.workhouses.org.uk

 

PhD theses

Balchin, Andrew. ‘The Justice of the Peace and County Government in the East Riding of Yorkshire, 1782-1836’ (Unpublished PhD Thesis, 1990). Available: https://hydra.hull.ac.uk/resources/hull:3760

Welsh, David. ‘The Reform of Urban Policing in Victorian England: A Study of Kingston upon Hull from 1836 to 1866’ (Unpublished PhD Thesis, 1997). Available: https://hydra.hull.ac.uk/resources/hull:4701

Latest Updates on Twitter

@OU_Williams @northernhistory @ourcriminalpast @DrewDGray @WelshRaffles @earlypolicing We'd confirm - seems to be wearing an indoor tailcoat and unlikely for a Runner to be armed with a sword in this scenario. @blackpoppies14 has researched the earliest known Met mixed-race officer, Robert Branford, with us 1838-1866:
https://twitter.com/Southwark_News/status/1263560495598129153

@earlypolicing @OU_Williams @northernhistory @ourcriminalpast @DrewDGray @MPSHeritage @WelshRaffles @BritPoliceHist @colpolicemuseum Thomas Latham is noted here. However dates do not coincide.

https://www.blackhistorymonth.org.uk/article/section/bhm-firsts/john-kent-britains-first-black-policeman/

@northernhistory @ourcriminalpast @DrewDGray @MPSHeritage @WelshRaffles @earlypolicing I don't think he's drawn in there as a Runner -- he's getting up from his chair. So it looks like PC Kent of Carlisle Police remains the earliest confirmed (1830s) black constable. There could well be others out there though.

I'm spending today back in the murder files, reading through trial depositions and looking for evidence of detective practice and early CSI techniques. Great to have finally got round to sorting out the data from my last archival visit! I shall report back…😀🔎 #detectives #PhD

The 1810 Bastards Act placed the responsibility for the maintenance of an illegitimate child on the putative father rather than the Parish. Mary Bilham of Carbrooke, Norfolk named Stephen Beeks as the father of her child. Her daughter was baptised in January 1812. #101Documents

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@victoriansleuth @ourcriminalpast Shouldn't be too difficult to knock up some stocks from a few wooden pallets and some scrap timber, attach some wheels, we're mobile. 🤔😂

I have several 'criminals' in my family tree, who were convicted of theft, poaching, swearing on the highway (!), and keeping a disorderly house 😱 Have you found any criminal ancestors? #AncestryHour

@TheRothOfKhan @PlymCSecResp @CrownhillPolice @PlymASecResp @plymspecial999 @PlymPoliceBSec @PlymouthVPC @CustodyPlymouth @MPSSouthwark @MPSGreenwich @DevonHeritage @HMNBDevonport @NatMuseumRN @theboxplymouth @britainsocean @PlymouthUK2020 @oneplymouth @sarewaddington Fortunately we also have a digitised copy of his divisional ledger entry on M, where he was M341. He'd switched from carman for a haulage company (1911) to labourer by the time he joined the Met, making the transfer to No. 3 (Devonport) Division on 4 July 1917.

@TheRothOfKhan @PlymCSecResp @CrownhillPolice @PlymASecResp @plymspecial999 @PlymPoliceBSec @PlymouthVPC @CustodyPlymouth Here's his Met joining signature. An Essex-born taxi driver in 1911, he started out on M (@MPSSouthwark) & was on R (@MPSGreenwich) at his retirement with an "Excellent" conduct certificate on 12 September 1937. Riverside divisions were quite a common pre-/post-Dockyard posting.

#OnThisDay in 1940, Reserve PC Alfred Crosby was seriously injured in an air raid whilst directing people to a shelter. He died the next day. RPC Crosby was an ex-Met PC & served 25yrs at Devonport Docks. He was the first policeman in Plymouth to die as a result of enemy action.